Curriculum for Key Stages 1 & 2


The National Curriculum is organised into Key Stage One for children aged 5 to 7 and Key Stage Two for children aged 7 to 11. Classes at St Clement Danes are organised by National Curriculum year groups with approximately thirty children in each class.

We aim to make our teaching of the curriculum as rich, creative and exciting as possible for the children. Teaching and learning at St Clement Danes is carefully planned and monitored to ensure that all aspects of the National Curriculum are covered. Please click the links below to see an overview of our curriculum.

To find out more about the curriculum at St Clement Danes, please contact the school office:


Curriculum Overviews - KS1 and KS2 Curriculum Maps

Progression of Skills and Knowledge in KS1 and KS2

The National Curriculum




There is a policy and a scheme of work for each subject and any interested parent or carer who would like to look at these can do so by contacting the subject leader. Set out below is a brief introduction to each curricular subject as it is organised and taught at St Clement Danes.

Religious Education

Please click this link: R.E. at St Clement Danes

English (including Phonics)


How do we teach reading?


We begin a structured phonics programme in Reception using the Letters and Sounds programme. Learning begins with Phase 1 in Nursery. Children learn that our alphabetical system has 44 phonemes (sounds) and throughout Reception and Key Stage One they learn how to represent these sounds with different graphemes (the way the letter is written). Children learn how to blend and segment these sounds to read and write. This consistent approach to phonics enables the children to access many books and prepare them for the Phonics Test which occurs at the end of Year 1. This test is also repeated for Year 2 children who were unable to reach the pass mark.

Alongside this the children learn high frequency words or common exception words for their year group which cannot be sounded out or are words with sounds that the children haven’t learnt yet.

In Key Stage Two, if children still struggle with reading then the phonics programme will continue as necessary.

Guided Reading

In Key Stage 1 children read weekly to a teacher and sometimes with a teaching assistant using some of our wonderful reading resources. 

In Key Stage 2 children have daily whole class reading lessons either working through a key text, short stories or extracts. Children may focus on skimming and scanning the text to retrieve answers, finding the meaning of words, deducing and inferring what is happening in the story. While class reading is taking place, other children in the class may be reading with a teaching assistant or be part of a reading intervention.


How do we teach writing?

Children at St Clement Danes love to write and we try to ensure that it is celebrated at every possible moment. We use a key text which is linked to our whole class topic. These texts are high quality books which reflect the realities of our children, help them develop their emotional literacy and understanding of the world. Through these texts the children develop writing in different genres, styles and develop their use of vocabulary, sentence structure and punctuation. Children in Year 1 to Year 6 build up to creating a final piece (‘hot piece’) with each book where children are able to demonstrate what they can do independently and show the progress that they have made.

Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling

Year 6 SATs includes a grammar, punctuation and spelling test. As a school we explicitly teach these through either short lesson starters or as whole English lessons. We follow a clear spelling programme using the Letters and Sounds document from Nursery to Year 2.  For Years 2-5 we go on to use the Ruth Miskin 'Get Spelling' programme. This provides systematic exercises which enable the children to complete 10 minutes of spelling 3 to 4 times a week, with a weekly spelling test on Friday. This relates to the spelling sound, pattern, prefix or suffix which has been taught in the week. Year 6 work through their own spelling programme.


How do we teach handwriting?

At St Clement Danes we have high expectations for handwriting in all subjects. Handwriting is taught daily for 15 minutes. Pupils achieve scribe certificates and pen licences when they are ready to use a pen. 

 In Reception the children are taught to form printed letters correctly. In Year 1 the children are encouraged to write on the line, begin to make their handwriting smaller, using finger spaces so that their work can be clearly read. In Year 1 and 2 the children who are ready are taught how to join up their writing and by the end of Year 2 it is expected that most children will be joining up in all their work.

In Key Stage 2 the aim is for all children to be writing in a neat, cursive style. Children who achieve Scribe status receive a pen, which we expect all pupils to achieve by the end of Year 3.


How do we teach speaking and listening?

Talk is vital to improving children’s literacy skills. In class we always encourage children to speak in full sentences and to take part in discussions or debates. Our speech and language practitioner works with individuals and groups throughout the school. 

St Clement Danes bursts with creative children who love to take part in performances and drama projects. Due to our location we have many opportunities to work with music and drama groups. For example Year 5 have worked with the Primary Shakespeare Project and Year 6 work with the Rambert Dance Company. We have many school performances throughout the year including a poetry recital, class performances for the annual Oranges and Lemons Festival at St Clement Danes Church and an end of year performance at the Peacock Theatre. 


As a core curriculum subject, Mathematics is given a high priority throughout the school. We aim to give each child the skills and knowledge to be fluent mathematicians, who are equipped and confident problem solvers. By using statutory curriculum criteria and other relevant planning documentation, we ensure that every year group covers and builds on each area of mathematics. In addition we strongly support the theory that mental computation is the foundation of being numerate.  We teach mental maths at the beginning of every maths lesson.  Similarly, we consider the application of mathematics to problem solving and reasoning.

The overall aim is that when children leave primary school they:

  • have a secure knowledge of number facts and a good understanding of the four operations
  • are able to use this knowledge and understanding to carry out calculations mentally, to apply general strategies when using one-digit and two-digit numbers and particular strategies to special cases involving bigger numbers
  • make use of diagrams and informal notes to help record steps and part answers when using mental methods that generate more information than can be kept in their heads
  • have an efficient, reliable, compact written method of calculation for each operation that they can apply with confidence when undertaking calculations that they cannot carry out mentally

All classrooms reflect mathematical learning and teaching. Teachers use displays as working walls to reinforce, model and extend the children’s current learning. Collaborative and independent methods of working are taught and encouraged within and across ability groups.

In order to deliver all areas of the Mathematics National Curriculum (number, shape, space, measures, handling data and using and applying mathematics), we use a mixture of topic work, subject-based activities and text books. Where possible, mathematics is integrated into other areas of the curriculum.





Our aim is to build on the children’s natural enthusiasm and curiosity to find out about the world around them and make better sense of their environment. In the early years, science teaching is based on everyday observations and simple activities. As the children progress through the school, they are introduced to more complex scientific ideas. We aim to teach the scientific skills of observing, measuring, classifying, predicting, hypothesising, experimenting and interpreting discoveries.

We also teach children to act in a safe and responsible manner when involved in scientific activities. The curriculum covers experimental and investigative science, life processes and living things, materials and their properties and physical processes.


We follow the 'Switched on Computing' scheme of work to follow the Computing Programme of Study. Online Safety and digital literacy is taught termly and threaded throughout the curriculum. Learning about how to be responsible digital citizens and how to stay safe online is central to our learning. 


The national curriculum for computing aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • can use technology safely and responsibly
  • can understand and apply the fundamental principles and concepts of computer science, including abstraction, logic, algorithms and data representation
  • can analyse problems in computational terms, and have repeated practical experience of writing computer programs in order to solve such problems
  • can evaluate and apply information technology, including new or unfamiliar technologies, analytically to solve problems
  • are responsible, competent, confident and creative users of information and communication technology.

Key stage 1

Pupils are taught to: 

  • understand what algorithms are; how they are implemented as programs on digital devices; and that programs execute by following precise and unambiguous instructions
  • create and debug simple programs
  • use logical reasoning to predict the behaviour of simple programs
  • use technology purposefully to create, organise, store, manipulate and retrieve digital content
  • recognise common uses of information technology beyond school
  • use technology safely and respectfully, keeping personal information private; identify where to go for help and support when they have concerns about content or contact on the internet or other online technologies.

Key stage 2

Pupils are taught to: 

  • design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals, including controlling or simulating physical systems; solve problems by decomposing them into smaller parts
  • use sequence, selection, and repetition in programs; work with variables and various forms of input and output
  • use logical reasoning to explain how some simple algorithms work and to detect and correct errors in algorithms and programs
  • understand computer networks including the internet; how they can provide multiple  services, such as the world wide web; and the opportunities they offer for communication and collaboration
  • use search technologies effectively, appreciate how results are selected and ranked, and be discerning in evaluating digital content
  • select, use and combine a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and content that accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information
  • use technology safely, respectfully and responsibly; recognise acceptable/unacceptable behaviour; identify a range of ways to report concerns about content and contact

The school has a computing suite with up to date operating systems and software.  We also have a class set of iPads which are used to integrate computing across the curriculum.

Personal, Social, Health & Economic Education

Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education (PSHE) is about the development of personal qualities, attitudes and values. We aim to enable each child to acquire the capacity to exercise initiative, choice and responsibility in a wide range of personal and social situations, to show empathy and compassion for others and to grow in confidence and maturity. 

Our school ethos puts safety and wellbeing at the centre of school life. Children know that they can talk to any adults in school if they have a worry and there are also 'worry boxes' around the school which children can use if they prefer to let adults know about their worries in this way. 

We have a school Family Practitioner, Viv Sanassy, who is a qualified systemic psychotherapist and a member of the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). She is an experienced professional and trained to listen to children and work with families.

The School Council has at least two elected representatives from each class and meets regularly. The Council is consulted, listened to and contributes to decision making in the school. 

Relationship and Sex Education (RSE) is an integral part of our Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship Education Programme. It has moral, legal, cultural, and ethical dimensions. It involves knowledge of how the human body works and is also concerned with exploring feelings about sexuality and responsibility towards oneself and others. RSE is a developmental process which begins in the Nursery class and continues throughout a child’s school career. We try to create a climate in which children feel happy to ask questions and are provided with information at the right level. RSE is taught in year six as part of a project on the body, health and hygiene. The film and other materials we use in year 6 may be previewed by parents and carers before the project starts. There is a statutory right for parents/carers to request that their children be withdrawn from sex education. Please contact the Headteacher if you wish to exercise this right.


Physical Education (including Swimming)

Physical Education (PE) and Sports activities encourage children to develop physical skills, fitness and an understanding of the importance of a healthy life-style.

Our school halls and playgrounds are equipped for gymnastics, traditional games, dance and movement. Children are expected to wear their PE kit for each lesson.

All children take part in team sports such as cricket, netball, football and rounders. Children are encouraged to develop a healthy attitude towards competitiveness, teamwork, challenging themselves and doing their best. The experience of winning and losing is regarded as an important aspect of every child’s emotional, personal and social development and helps to build resilience. Sport’s Day is an enjoyable and important event on the school calendar, held locally at Coram's Fields. 

It is a requirement of the National Curriculum that all primary school children are taught to swim. Children in Key Stage Two (aged between eight and eleven) have blocks of weekly swimming lessons. They are taught how to swim and how to be safe in the water. 

Our top-up Sports Funding enables the school to invest in additional swimming lessons. It also supports PE lessons for pupils in Key Stage 2 who visit Coram's Fields for competitive games.


Music is alive at St Clement Danes!

We are passionate about music. Our children’s lives are culturally deepened and enriched by our extensive use of the school’s magical and unique setting in the heart of Covent Garden.

Music brings our curriculum to life and is threaded through the life of the school.  Our specialist music teacher enables our children to foster an appreciation, understanding and enjoyment of a wide range of musical genre. The children are immersed in the knowledge and skills to develop as confident composers and performers of vocal, percussion and instrumental music.  Our children perform on the stage of the Royal Opera House annually as well as Covent Garden Piazza, The Royal Festival Hall, The Peacock Theatre and many other celebrated venues.

Music is a universal language that embodies one of the highest forms of creativity. Our high-quality music education engages and inspires pupils to develop a love of music and their talent as musicians, and so increases their self-confidence, creativity and sense of achievement. As pupils progress, they develop a critical engagement with music, allowing them to compose, and to listen with discrimination.


At St Clement Danes, we use a musical programme called ‘Charanga’ which provides engaging and exciting resources to support all the requirements of the National Curriculum. The Charanga scheme offers integrated, practical, exploratory and child-led approach to musical learning. The interrelated dimensions of music weave through the units to encourage the development of musical skills as the learning progresses through listening and appraising, differing musical activities (including creating and exploring) and performing. Each Unit of Work comprises strands of musical learning (which correspond with the National Curriculum for music):

Listening and Appraising

Musical Activities and Games


Playing instruments





The National Curriculum for music aims to ensure that all pupils:


  • Perform, listen to, review and evaluate music across a range of historical periods, genres, styles and tradition, including the works of the great composers and musicians
  • Learn to sing and to use their voices, to create and compose music on their own and with others, have the opportunity to learn a musical instrument, use technology appropriately and have the opportunity to progress to the next level of musical excellence
  • Understand and explore how music is created, produced and communicated, including through the interrelated dimensions: pitch, duration, dynamics, tempo, timbre, texture, structure and appropriate musical notations


Every child at our school has the opportunity to learn to play a musical instrument and we provide extra musical activities at after school clubs, including performances with the school choir and our own orchestra.  Peripatetic teachers in guitar, piano, flute, clarinet, saxophone, drums and violin provide weekly lessons. Pupils are encouraged to take graded examinations and we are proud to celebrate our 100% pass rate with many pupils awarded merits and distinctions!

The school has nurtured partnerships with a range of musical talent, including The Young Singers, an exciting youth choir that made its debut in a prestigious concert at the Royal Festival Hall.  The Young Singers took part in Berlioz’s Te Deum as well as the world premiere of Jonathan Dove’s Psalms for Leo.

'I never thought I‘d be able to perform at The Royal Festival Hall as a singer on the stage with The Bach Choir and now I’ve done it! It made me feel more confident in my singing because before I was shy'  Year 5 pupil

Art and Design

At St Clement Danes we are committed to providing all of our children with a wide range of experiences to explore the arts drawing upon the richness of opportunities in our local community, as well as time to develop and nurture their own artistic talents.

Art stimulates our children's creativity and imagination. It offers children the chance to explore, express and communicate their feelings whilst gaining experiences of the wider world.

Art at St Clement Danes provides visual, tactile and sensory experiences and a way of understanding and responding to the world.  Pupils are equipped with the knowledge and skills to experiment, invent and create their own works of art, craft and design. Children are encouraged to use colour, pattern, texture, line, tone, shape, form, space and different materials and processes to communicate what they see, feel and think.

Through art, craft and design activities children learn to think critically and to make informed value judgments and aesthetic and practical decisions. They explore, through discussion and the making of art, the ideas and meanings in the work of artists, craftspeople and designers.  Pupils learn the part that art, craft and design plays in their own and others’ lives in contemporary life and in different times and cultures. 

Design and Technology

Through this ‘hands on’ subject, pupils at St Clement Danes acquire technical knowledge and gain experience and skill in designing, making and evaluating products of a high standard.

Design and Technology prepares children to take part in the development of tomorrow’s rapidly changing world by becoming creative problem-solvers, both as individuals and as part of a team.

It enables children to identify needs and opportunities and to respond by developing ideas and eventually making products and systems.

Through the study of design and technology, children combine practical skills with an understanding of aesthetic, social and environmental issues, as well as functions and industrial practices. This allows pupils to reflect on and evaluate present and past design and technology, its uses and its impacts.

Design and technology helps all children to become discriminating and informed consumers and potential innovators.

Through this subject, children acquire a broad range of subject knowledge and draw on disciplines such as mathematics, science, engineering, computing and art. 

As part of their work with food, pupils are taught how to cook and apply the principles of nutrition and healthy eating. We aim to provide pupils with enjoyment and crucial life skills that will enable them to feed themselves and others affordably and well as they grow older.


At St Clement Danes we use our local environment to enrich learning about history. We have strong links with many of our neighbouring museums, with classes going out on visits and with outreach teachers from museums and galleries coming to visit our school. Not only do we visit the large museums such as the British Museum and the Victorian and Albert Museum but we also visit small local venues of historical significance such as Dr Johnson’s House, Sir John Soanes Museum and Benjamin Franklin House.

At Key Stage 1 children begin to develop an awareness of the past and the ways in which it is similar to and different to the present. They are helped to understand subject-specific vocabulary relating to the passing of time and they begin to develop an understanding of the key features of a range of different events and historical periods.

Across Key Stage 2 our pupils are taught the essential chronology of Britain's history. We seek to make them aware that history takes many forms, including cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history. Children are taught about key dates, events and significant individuals. They study local history and the ancient civilisations of Greece and Rome.


Geography teaches an understanding of places and environments. Through their work in geography, children learn about their local area and compare their life in this area with that in other regions in the United Kingdom and in the rest of the world.

They learn how to draw and interpret maps and they develop the skills of research, investigation, analysis and problem-solving.

Through their growing knowledge and understanding of human geography, children gain an appreciation of life in other cultures.

Geography teaching also motivates children to find out about the physical world and enables them to recognise the importance of sustainable development for the future of humankind.


Primary Language

The National Curriculum requires that pupils are taught a foreign language in Key Stage Two with a focus on enabling pupils to make substantial progress in one language.

Pupils at St Clement Danes are taught Spanish by a native speaker.

Spanish lessons at St Clement Danes provide an appropriate balance of spoken and written language and lay the foundation for further foreign language teaching at Key Stage 3. They enable pupils to understand and communicate ideas, facts and feelings in speech and writing, focused on familiar and routine matters, using their knowledge of phonology, grammatical structures and vocabulary.

Pupils are taught to:

  • listen attentively to spoken language and show understanding by joining in and responding
  • explore the patterns and sounds of language through songs and rhymes and link the  spelling, sound and meaning of words
  • engage in conversations; ask and answer questions; express opinions and respond to  those of others; seek clarification and help
  • speak in sentences, using familiar vocabulary, phrases and basic language structures
  • develop accurate pronunciation and intonation so that others understand when they are  reading aloud or using familiar words and phrases
  • present ideas and information orally to a range of audiences
  • read carefully and show understanding of words, phrases and simple writing
  • appreciate stories, songs, poems and rhymes in the language
  • broaden their vocabulary and develop their ability to understand new words that are
  • introduced into familiar written material, including through using a dictionary
  • write phrases from memory, and adapt these to create new sentences, to express ideas clearly
  • describe people, places, things and actions orally and in writing
  • understand basic grammar, including feminine and masculine forms and the conjugation of high-frequency verbs; key features and patterns of the language; how to apply these, for instance, to build sentences; and how these differ from or are similar to English.


Drama is valuable for all kinds of learning and is linked to English and other aspects of the National Curriculum. It is used as a way of encouraging children to discuss and explore social, personal and other issues. It is also an excellent way for children to present their learning.

At St Clement Danes we have a long-standing tradition of  performance and we foster a love of drama throughout the school from Nursery class to Year 6! Our children have many opportunities to take part in high quality drama projects, for example through the Primary Shakespeare and Iris theatre companies as well as performing at the traditional annual Oranges and Lemons Festival and end of year show at the Royal Opera House or Peacock Theatre.  

We make the most of our location in the heart of Covent Garden and regular theatre trips are a feature of life for pupils at St Clement Danes and a valuable way of enriching the curriculum. These trips range from The Globe Theatre to the 'The Lion King' and 'What The Ladybird Heard'.